Rice plant- and leafhopper incidence in Malaysia and Indonesia

report of a research tour, January to March 1976
  • 64 Pages
  • 1.70 MB
  • English
Tropical Agriculture Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry , Yatabe, Japan
Rice -- Diseases and pests -- Malaysia., Rice -- Diseases and pests -- Indonesia., Leafhoppers -- Malaysia., Leafhoppers -- Indonesia., Delphacidae., Insect pests -- Malaysia., Insect pests -- Indon


Malaysia., Indon

Statementby Akio Ōtake and Nobuhiko Hokyo.
SeriesShiryo - Tropical Agriculture Research Center ; no. 33
ContributionsHōkyō, Nobuhiko, joint author.
LC ClassificationsSB608.R5 O8
The Physical Object
Pagination64 p., [1] leaf of plates :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4194494M
LC Control Number80473227

Rice plant- and leafhopper incidence in Malaysia and Indonesia - report of a research tour January to March Author(s): Otake, A.; Hokyo, N. Author Affiliation: Tropical Agriculture Research Center, Yatabe, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, by: 7. Perform crop rotation with a non-rice crop during the dry season to decrease alternate hosts for diseases.

Intercrop upland rice with soybean to reduce the incidence of leafhoppers on rice. In areas without tungro source, insecticides are not needed, avoid spraying of insecticide (it is often unable to prevent or reduce tungro infections). A leafhopper is the common name for any species from the family minute insects, colloquially known as hoppers, are plant feeders that suck plant sap from grass, shrubs, or trees.

Their hind legs are modified for jumping, and are covered with hairs that facilitate the spreading of a secretion over their bodies that acts as a water repellent and carrier of : Insecta. The brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) is a planthopper species that feeds on rice plants (Oryza sativa L.).

These insects are among the most important pests of rice, which is the major staple crop for about half the world's population. They damage rice directly through feeding and also by transmitting two viruses, rice ragged stunt virus and rice Family: Delphacidae.

Bakanae disease was widespread in Peninsular Malaysia and three provinces of Indonesia with the range of disease sever-ity from scale 1 to 5 and disease incidence from to % during   Leafhopper transmission of rice tungro bacilliform and rice tungro spherical viruses in leafhopper resistant and susceptible rice cultivars.

Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy. Part B, Biological Sciences, 62(4); 18 ref. Malaysia, In: “Proceedings of the Plant Protection Conference Pp Ooi, P. A padi stem-borer survey in the Muda Scheme, Kedah.

Malaysian Agricultural Journal Ooi, P. Assessment of incidence of rice stem-borer in Tanjung Karang, Malaysia. Malaysian Agricultural Journal File Size: KB.

production in Malaysia (Khoo et aL ). The mango leafhopper, Idioscopus nitidulus Walk. (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) is an important pest of mangoes in Malaysia and Indonesia (Reddy ; Tandon and Varghese ).

Although species of Idioscopus were recorded in Malaysia as early as (Gater ) little investigation has been carried out. Insects. Ant. Ants feed on rice seeds and seedlings. Their feeding damage cause rice seeds or plants to be missing and on young panicles of the rice plant. Grasshopper (Short-horned) and Locust.

Feeding damage caused by short-horned grasshoppers and oriental migratory locusts result to cut out areas on leaves and cut-off panicles. They both. - KenmorePE Kenmore, FO Cariño, CA Perez, VA Dyck, AP Gutierrez. Population regulation of the rice brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål) within rice fields in the Philippines.

Journal of Plant Protection in the Tropics 1 (1): Peter E. Kenmore. Ecology and Outbreaks of a Tropical Insect Pest of the Green Revolution. (Bumbong Lima, Kepala Batas, Penang, Malaysia) Introduction Tungro which is called Penyakit Merah Virus (PMV) in Malaysia, is a serious virus disease of rice in the Philippines, Thailand, India, Indonesia and Malaysia.

Symptoms of this disease have been recognized since in Malaysia by the name 'Penyakit Merah,' but the viral nature was Cited by: rice granary of Peninsula Malaysia was reported as early aswhen its emergence as a dominant weed spe- cies in the few seasons of – manifested its.

Sogawa K, Sato A () Differences in morphological and physiological characters between the Joetsu and Chikugo green rice leafhopper populations with differential reaction to rice varieties.

Jpn J Appl Entomol Zool –27 CrossRef Google ScholarCited by: 1. Leptocorisa acuta has not been found in the U.S. despite the large acreage of rice grown in California, Louisiana and Arkansas.

Rice bugs have been found in Australia, Bangladesh, Burma, China, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, The Philippines, Thailand and Samoa as well as in several Central American countries.

Population dynamics ofNephotettix virescens was studied in 17 paddy fields transplanted at intervals of about 1 month in – The adult density was highest either in the immigrant or the 1st generation and sharply decreased to the 2nd generation. The survival rate of the 1st generation was lowest in the transition season when areal population density by: 7.

The rice green leafhoppers (GLH), Nephotettix spp. (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae) are one of the most devastating rice pests throughout the rice growing areas of Asia (Razzaque et al., ; Heinrichs et al. Both nymphs and adults of the green leafhopper feed on rice by sucking the plant sap and.

Description Rice plant- and leafhopper incidence in Malaysia and Indonesia FB2

2. The (Human) Ecology of Rice. Rice has fed more people over a longer period than has any other crop, and is presently the source of one quarter of global per capita caloric intake [].Chang [] (p. ) postulates that the cultivation of Asian rice began in “a broad belt that extended from the Ganges plains below the foothills of the Himalayas, across Upper Burma, northern Thailand, and Laos Cited by: 8.

Globules in the adipose cells of the green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps) infected with the virus of yellow dwarf disease of the rice plant.

Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 7 (4): 3 NasuSocho NASU. Electron Microscopic Studies on Transovarial Passage of Rice Dwarf Virus. Japanese Journal. of the green rice leafhopper because of the want of rice plant for the insects of the fourth and fifth generatins.

It was also proved that RDV does not occur in the single cropping area of middle-season rice except ill-drained area. ;:: 50 Acreage of early planted rice(%) Fig. by: 9. Inan epidemic was reported from Central Java in Indonesia wh ha of rice were affected causing an estimated loss of US$ million (Daradjat et al., ).

In40, ha of rice in Punjab, India were damaged by an outbreak of yellow stunt syndrome that has similar symptoms to tungro (Azzam et al., ). In China, Indonesia and Vietnam, BPH damage of rice on million, 28, andha of land was observed inrespectively (Catindig et al., ).

The incidence of BPH in Thailand has been reported since —outbreaks have been increasing with the expansion of irrigated rice production and the continuous cultivation of.

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Rice plant-and leafhopper incidence in Malaysia and Indonesia —Report of a research tour January to March, Shiryo No. Tropical Agricultural Research Center. 64 p. PAIK, W.

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Historical review of the Occurrence of the brown planthopper in Korea.5/5(1). In Indonesia, N. lugens epidemics took place on modern rices susceptible to N.

lugens (IR 5, IR8, c4 and PelitaI-2) which were planted from (Mochida and Suryana, ). In India, N. lugens and the green leafhopper became a serious problem after the introduction of Taichung Native 1 in and IR8 in (Kulshreshth et al., a). The brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens Stal (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) is a major insect pest that causes enormous yield loss in rice, Oryza sativa L., in Asia.

Due to its short life cycle and high fecundity, population increases quickly reach high density levels, cause severe crop damage due to sucking of sap and oviposition in stem tissues which results in drying up of infested plants.

Eating Plant Based in Malaysia Part One – Detailed Images and Journal. J You might have to be okay with very simple food. You might have to eat white rice.

You definitely have to throw the no oil thing out the window. And, above all else, you have to be open to eating food that you’ve never had, prepared in ways that are foreign.

Rice pest book 1. Insect PestsOF RICE M. Pathak and Z. Khan ICIPE International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology 2. The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) was established in by the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations with the help and approval of the Government of the Philippines.

Basmati Rice ecosystems of Uttar Pardesh, India were surveyed for checking arthropod diversity in rice fields. Insect pests that infested all parts of rice crops were noticed to be Yellow stem borer, striped rice stem borer, Leaf folder, Brown plant hopper, White-backed plant hopper, Rice gundhi bug, Rice hispa, Rice root weevil and Rice by: 3.

Brown Planthopper: Threat to Rice Production in Asia Paperback – January 1, by Various Authors (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.

Price New from Used from Paperback "Please retry" — Author: Various Authors. Asia-Pacific Entomol. 5 (1): Ill () Monitoring on Insecticide Resistance of the Brown Planthopper and the White Backed Planthopper in Asia Toru Nagata- Laboratory of Applied Entomology and Zoology, College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Ami, IbarakiJapan Abstract Annual change in insecticide susceptibility of the long-range migrating rice Cited by: To understand the relationship between rice sowing date and occurrence of the rice small brown planthopper (SBPH) Laodelphax striatellus Fallen and the epidemics of the planthopper-transmitted rice stripe viral (RSV) disease, four sowing dates of rice were evaluated in and The results showed that the peak density of SBPH and RSV incidence in the nursery and in the transplanted field Cited by: 8.

Unusual and difficult to study, Waikaviruses are phloem-limited in host plants and need a putative helper component during vector transmission. Read more in this month’s Feature, taken from the Schroth Faces of the Future mini-reviews.The term "plant pest" is any species or strain of plant, animal, or pathogenic agent injurious to plants or plant products.

Wheat root aphid Mustard aphid White fly Rice brown planthopper Rice green leafhopper Rice white-backed planthopper Thrips Mites also known as acarina belong to phylum Arachnida, to which spiders also belong.

These are.Tungro virus disease is transmitted by leafhoppers, wherein the most efficient vector is the green leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens (Distant). The disease complex is associated with rice tungro baciliform virus (RTBV) and rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV).

RTBV cannot be transmitted by leafhoppers unless RTSV is present.